By Doug Ward
Faculty often see the benefits of online education for students but not for themselves, Karen H. Sibley and Ren Whitaker write in Educause.
Development of online courses takes precious time away from other activities that generate greater rewards for faculty. The way to change that, Sibley and Whitaker argue, is to offer incentives to move into online education. They give these examples:
- Providing compensation as salary, research funds, or time (e.g., a course buy-out)
- Appealing to a sense of curiosity and a desire to develop new skills for those attracted to experimental work or invigorated by the chance to reimagine their courses
- Delivering training and support to lower the barriers and to decrease the time and effort needed to develop or adapt new instructional approaches
- Activating a sense of mission and loyalty to their students and the institution
- Increasing a sense of relevance for those who want to remain current in the rapidly changing environment of higher education
- Recognizing effective engagement in online learning in the institutional reward systems
Online education is really just one example of a much larger problem in the way higher education values (or doesn’t value) innovative and reflective teaching and learning. Sibley and Whitaker offer good steps to promote change. Ultimately, though, two enormous cultural barriers stand in the way.
First, attitudes about the value of teaching must change. Many faculty members see teaching as a crucial part of their role and their identity, and most understand its importance at colleges and universities. Too often, though, teaching is seen as a bother, as something that gets in the way of far more important and more highly rewarded pursuits (research). High-quality teaching doesn’t magically appear with a Ph.D. Nor will it thrive until a critical mass of administrators and faculty members value it enough to create a truly meaningful rewards system.
Second, higher education is an inherently conservative profession, at least in terms of techniques. Professions promote conformity by passing on values, ideals, methods, and expectations to new generations, as Leonard Cassuto writes this week in The Chronicle of Higher Education. Most instructors teach the way they were taught, and those with the Ph.D. learned in environments where teaching was generally an afterthought.
So to Sibley and Whitaker’s list, let me add these ideas for generating more interest in online courses:
- Add instruction in course development and online instruction to graduate programs
- Hire faculty members based not only on their research skills but on their ability and willingness to teach in innovative ways and to reflect on their work with students
- Reward new faculty who are willing to develop their classes with active learning and take on development of online courses
- Change the promotion and tenure standards to reflect the time and effort that innovative, reflective teaching deserves
In a recent issue of Change Magazine, Carl Wieman, a Nobel laureate and a professor of education at Stanford, writes that faculty will indeed shift their attitudes and behaviors with the right incentive systems.
So if we want innovative teaching, we need to reward innovative teaching, just as we reward innovative research. It’s that easy, and that hard.
The Atlantic reports that proposed changes in 529 plans, the college savings accounts, would allow students to pay for such things as computers, software, and Internet access. … Poor technical production can inhibit good pedagogy in online courses, eCampus News says in one of its takeaways from the recent South by Southwest conference. NPR offered another list of education-related discussions from the conference, including the important role that online discussions are taking in teacher development. … Politico casts a skeptical eye on U.S. universities, saying that few have done anything to prepare for students who have completed the Common Core curriculum in high school.
Doug Ward is an associate professor of journalism and the associate director of the Center for Teaching Excellence. You can follow him on Twitter @kuediting.
Agree compleyely that reward system must change. What is missing, though, is the attitudes of students, especially in Gen Ed classes. Perhaps that has changed since my 2009 retirement?? Even with the active learning aspects of my astr 191 class, attitudes got in the way. Hard to change after 12+ years in public school system and helicopter parenting.
Interesting to see these discussions occurring. Good luck!